Spain's effective world domain of the sixteenth and seventeenth hundreds of years eventually yielded summon of the oceans to England. Consequent inability to grasp the commercial and modern revolution created the nation to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in monetary and political power. Spain stayed impartial in World War I and II however endured an overwhelming common war (1936-39).
Spain is a storied nation of stone palaces, snowcapped mountains, immense landmarks, and complex urban communities, all of which have made it a favored travel destination. The nation is geographically and socially different. Its heartland is the Meseta, a wide focal level a large portion of a mile above ocean level. In the nation's upper east is the wide valley of the Ebro River, the uneven locale of Catalonia, and the sloping seaside plain of Valencia. Toward the northwest is the Cantabrian Mountains, a tough range in which intensely forested, rain-cleared valleys are blended with tall pinnacles. Toward the south is the citrus plantation rich and inundated grounds of the valley of the Guadalquivir River, celebrated in the eminent verses of Spanish artists Federico García Lorca and Antonio Machado; over this valley rises the snowcapped Sierra Nevada.
Spain imparts the Iberian Peninsula to its smaller neighbor, Portugal, and is flanked toward the upper east by the Pyrenees mountain range that cuts crosswise over France and Andorra. Encompassed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, Spain has various extends of coastline that is amazingly jammed particularly in summer. Spain has two principle groups of islands that are well known to travelers: the Balearic Islands found 193km southeast of Barcelona and the Canary Islands off the west shore of Africa. Situated in continental Africa, the modest enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla likewise frame a part of Spain.