Italy, authoritatively the Italian Republic, is situated on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two biggest islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia. Italy imparts its northern Alpine limit to France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia.
Italy has a rich and brilliant history. It has been the home of numerous European societies, for example, the Etruscans and the Romans, and later was the origination of the development of the Renaissance, that started in Tuscany and spread all over Europe. Italy's capital, Rome, has been the focal point of Western development, and Vatican City, situated in Rome, is the focal point of the Catholic Church. The warring factions of the medieval times, at last, offered the path to a patriot development in the nineteenth century, with Italy achieving unification around the turn of the century.
Geographically, Italy is a boot formed promontory stretching out into the focal Mediterranean ocean. It is around 1,130 kilometers in length and has an aggregate region of roughly 301,238 square kilometers involving probably the most shifted and grand scenes on earth. Italy's land borders are with Switzerland, France, Austria and Slovenia. There are two Free states inside Italy's outskirts: San Marino and Vatican City.
Italy is generally mountains with extents more than 700 meters covering 33% of the nation. The best- known reaches are the Alps, the Dolomites, and the Appenines. Counting islands, Italy has an aggregate coastline of 7,600 kilometers, a lot of which is amazingly shifted. Italy is encompassed via ocean on three sides. Toward the northwest is the Ligurian ocean, toward the west and southwest the Tyrrhenian ocean, toward the south and southeast is the Ionian ocean and toward the east is the Adriatic ocean. The two biggest islands in the Mediterranean, Sicily, and Sardinia, are both a piece of Italy.